Thursday, July 9, 2020
Make Your College Essay Introduction Examples WorkCollege essay introduction examples have the ability to completely change the way an essay is presented. They can alter the tone and speech of a student and even make the professor sit up and take notice of a student's work.You've likely tried to rewrite your college essay, but have been unsuccessful because you feel like it doesn't quite fit in with the rest of your writing. It's easy to just delete or cut some paragraphs out, but this can cause your essay to lose its quality. When your essay writing is done correctly, your professor will likely sit up and take notice.The problem is that no matter how good you may think your essay is, it will still be tossed off the class. The main reason for this is that many students are nervous or embarrassed when they're writing their first essay. When you learn about ways to make it look good, the teacher will notice you. There's nothing more annoying than being accepted into the class after som eone else was passed up for it.Your professor probably doesn't want to work with someone who won't put any effort into their essay, and there are a number of ways to make your college essay introduction examples successful. If you can answer a question correctly, that will make it look better. You don't want the reader to be getting the message that you didn't have time to practice, so you need to have a lot of practice exercises so that you know what needs to be said.Try not to talk in too much detail, as this is a habit that will cost you points in the essay. Instead, try to use the examples you find online or in books to give you a hint as to what you should include. Even if you don't use the whole section, the student will feel they learned something from the sample.If you find that you're running out of ideas to make your essay effective, keep a log of the different reasons you used as examples. It will help you come up with new ideas for your essay, and it will keep you from w riting too much. It will also give you the opportunity to replace some of the sample sentences with ones that actually make sense.By using college essay introduction examples, you'll be able to write a thorough paper that stands out from the rest. Not only will your teacher notice, but everyone in the class will be impressed that you've been so serious about your work.
Thursday, July 2, 2020
In this section Im going to identify useful measures for IT investment and it is implication for financial performance of banks. The determination of IT investment is problematic because of lack of consensus in defining and measuring such investment. Researchers have difficulty in agreeing as to what model actually constitutes IT. Some used a narrow definition that includes only an information system while others used a broader definition that also includes data communication. Some used direct measures while others used surrogate measures. Previous researchers have used various ratios as measures of IT investment. Bender and Harris and Katz used IT expense as a percentage of total operating expenses as a measure. The Diebold group used IT budget as a percentage of revenue. A similar measure, It expense to premium income, was also used by Harris and Katz. All of those ratios have advantages and disadvantages. The population is all the LCB banks which are registered in Colombo stock exchange, and the sample will be five banks in that population. It includes two government banks and three non government banks, namely Bank of Ceylon, Peoples bank, commercial bank, Hatton national bank and HSBC. Primary and secondary research will be integrated as a data gathering procedure. The reason for this is to be able to provide adequate discussion for the readers that will help them understand more about the issue and the different variables that involve with it. In the primary research, managers and staff will be surveyed and will be distributed to the respondents through email. Participation of the respondents will be treated with maximum confidentiality. Two questionnaire papers will be surveyed. First one provide for the managers and it will included some questions regarding to requesting information about the IT investments and financial performance of the banks and other one provide to staff members of the IT department asking questions to get information about the computers usability and disadvantages or advantages of IT. But this survey method has more drawbacks, such as information may not be 100% reliable, some managers may reluctant to give some information, understanding weaknesses may be occurred and if it is a questionnaire, some responding banks may not have defined IT investment as same way. To avoid those drawbacks, I have decided to use secondary data for my research. Sources in secondary research will include annual reports, previous research reports, newspaper, magazine and journal content. Therefore it is efficient using current year financial statements and highlights for quarterly and annual and other reports as a secondary data. It is more reliable than survey. As well as it provide two or three year comparison of balance sheet, income statement and operating income, revenue and earnings per share of the banks. My research period will be 2003 to 2009 and to get present condition information current year will be surveyed. . Data will be analyzed using the latest SPSS software. Model 1 Since the norms for IT investment and Banks financial performances data vary from bank to bank , proir to conducting statitical analysis, each ratio will be standardized by subtracting its mean from the ratio itself and and then deviding the result by standard deviation. For avoid varinces of datas it will effective to mesure mean,Standard deviation and range for IT investment and financial performance of the banks. Budgeted IT investment ratio = Budgeted IT investment *100 Total RevenueTo mesure a banks IT invetment, the present research uses five ratios, including IT budget as a percentage of revenue, value of a banks IT as a percentage of revenue, percentage of IT budget spent on staff, percentage of IT budget spent on the training of IT staff and number of PCs and terminals as a percentage of total employee. The first ratio reveals how much a bank is spending on IT relative to its compititors. It can be calculate Value of IT investment ratio = IT value *100 Total RevenueThe IT value ratio reflect to current position of a banks technology, IT value figures are estimates of the current market value for all IT equipments,it can be calculate The staff spending cirterion reflects the banks relative investment in IT staff. It can be calculate Budgeted IT spend for staff = Budgeted IT spend on staff *100 Number of IT staff As well as information system managers must keep their employee well trained. The trining ratio used to mesure the relative amount spent by bank for this purpose. It can be calculate Budgeted IT investment on training staff = Budgeted IT spend on training staff *100 No of training Staff The last ratio mesures the extent to which the bank has made IT availabe to banks users. This ratio can be calculate IT usability ratio = No of PCs and terminals *100 Total employees Using above ratios I will find out mean and standard deviation of those ratios. Standard deviation is a measure of how far apart the data are from the average of the data. If all the observations are close to their average then the standard deviation will be small. Based on review of previous research, five direct measures of financial performance will be selected for this study. Return on investment (ROI), Return on equity (ROE), Return on assets (ROA), Earnings per share (EPS) and Net profit margin (NPM) ROI = Gain from investment-Cost of investment Cost of investment Return on investment can be measured using following ratio, Return on equity (ROE) can be calculate, ROE = Net income Shareholder equity ROA = Net income Total AssetsReturn on assets (ROA) can be calculate, EPS = Net income Dividends on preferred stock Average outstanding sharesEarnings per share (EPS) can be calculate, Net profit margin (NPM) can be calculate NPM = Net profit Total Income After measuring mean and standard deviation it is effective to measure correlation of those two set of variables. Correlation is a statistical measurement of the relationship between two variables. Possible correlations range from +1 to -1. A zero correlation indicates that there is no relationship between the variables. A correlation of -1 indicates a perfect negative correlation, meaning that as one variable goes up, the other goes down. A correlation of +1 indicates a perfect positive correlation, meaning that both variables move in the same direction together. Correlation helps to identify the relationship between Information technology and financial performance of the banks. In the first step will be find out IT investments correlated with themselves and financial performance correlated with themselves. Then the IT investment ratios will be next correlated with the financial performance ratios to investigate for the possible presence of, and the nature of pair wise relationship among the measures. Carl Pearson correlation analysis will be use for this purpose. Model 2 Above model shows that how much IT investments affecting to the financial performances, it shows only percentage figures. But hypothesis testing may be reflecting what factors actually affect to the increase financial performances relating IT investments. So I have selected hypothesis testing as my second model. In this model Key variables will be measured in an attempt to practice identifying dependent and independent variables and to explain how the independent variable affects the dependent variable. Independent Variable Dependent variable Internet banking ATM machines Computer system Return on Equity (ROE) Net profit margin (NPM) Earnings per share (EPS) Return on Investment (ROI) R According to above diagram, financial performances (dependent variable) depend on following financial indicators. Internet Bank: It is how the Internet used frequently by the Bank from a variable It is one of the independent variables, ATM: The number of ATMs owned by the bank in the period, it is one of the independent variables. , Computer system: It is the net investment bank in the computer software, hardware and equipment in the period i. It is one of the independent variables However, this model will also divide into another sub-models concerned with measuring the impact of independent factors of each of the indicators of financial performances, Model Affecting variables Return on Equity(ROE) Internet banking, ATM machines, Computer system (Hardware, software and other equipment) Net profit margin(NPM) Internet banking, ATM machines, Computer system (Hardware, software and other equipment) Earnings per share(EPS) Internet banking, ATM machines, Computer system (Hardware, software and other equipment) Return on Investment (ROI) Internet banking, ATM machines, Computer system (Hardware, software and other equipment) Hypotheses Development The main Hypotheses is There is no statistically significant impact on the use of information technology to improve the financial performance in Sri Lankan banks. H01: There is no statistically significant impact on the use of IT in Sri Lankan banks in the ROE H02: There is no statistically significant impact on the use of IT in Sri Lankan banks in the NPM H03: There is no statistically significant impact on the use of IT in Sri Lankan banks in the EPS H04: There is no statistically significant impact on the use of IT in Sri Lankan banks in the ROI Hypothesis Testing First I am going to examine the reliability of statistical analysis for the data by identifying how this data is close to normal distribution, if the data will not have normal distribution, then it should be a subject to necessary treatment . If it will close to the normal distribution I can use it correctly to test the hypothesis. After that I will be use regression model to identify effect of many independent variables on dependent variable. Regression analysis includes techniques for modeling and analyzing several variables, when the focus is on the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. More specifically, regression analysis helps to understand how the typical value of the dependent variable changes when any one of the independent variables is varied, while the other independent variables are held fixed. Finally I will test above sub models using regression model. Data The impact of Internet-Banking on Bank Profitability- The Case of Turkey (by Assist. Prof. Dr. Ceylan Onay et al) under this topic they examined about internet banking on banks profitability. They follow an empirical model based on previous works by Berger(1995), Demirguc-Kunt and Huizinga (1999) and by Quispe-Agnoli and Whisler (2006), where they define bank performance, Yit (measured by ratio of banks pre-tax profits to total assets(ROA) or to its equity(ROE) or ratio of its net interest revenue to its total assets(MARGIN)) for bank i in year t as follows: ÃÆ'Ã ½ÃâÃ ±0 is a bank fixed effect term that captures time-invariant influences specific to bank i, MACROt is a matrix of macroeconomic variables in Turkey in year t that include percentage change in real GDP per capita and average lending rate charged by banks in year t. Xit is a matrix of bank-specific control variables: Total deposits in bank i as a ratio of total assets in year t, total loans of bank i as a ratio of total assets in year t. BANKCRIt is a dummy variable of banking crisis in Turkey that takes on a value of 1 if there is a systemic bank crisis respectively in the country at time t and 0 if none. They employ this variable to control for changes in banks performance as a result of banking crisis in the country for the period. Following the work of Hernando and Nieto(2007) they employ a matrix of dummy variables, INTERNETJ , that are defined based on the time of adoption of a transactional website by the bank. Thus, INTERNET1 is a dummy variable that equals 1 if the bank introduced a transactional web site in year t (during the past 12 months). Similarly, INTERNET2 equals 1 if the bank adopted online banking in year t-1. We go back as late as t-2 to capture changes in bank performance over time. ÃÆ'Ã ½ÃâÃ µit is a mean zero, constant variance disturbance term. To analyze the effects of internet banking on bank performance, we have collected panel data from 14 commercial and savings banks in Turkey that have adopted internet banking sometime between 1996 and 2005. A list of banks included in our analysis along with their respective years of internet banking adoption is available. Their dataset is drawn from income statements and balance sheets found in the BANKSCOPE Database for Turkish banks compiled by Bureau van Dijk Electronic Publishing (BvDEP). It covers a period of ten years (1996-2005) and is unbalanced due to the unavailability of data for some of the banks in our sample. The data on the timing of the adoption of internet banking for each bank is obtained from Polatoglu and Ekin (2001). Dates of episodes of systemic banking crises in Turkey during which some or all of banking capital is exhausted is obtained from Caprio et als Banking Crisis Database(2005). The dummy variable BANKCRI is obtained by using this information. Table 3.2 lists the banking crises and time frames used in the population of this variable. For macroeconomic data, they have consulted IMFs IFS database (in obtaining data on the average lending rate) and Conference Boards Total Economy Database(for the gdp per capita values ) They found that the adoption of online banking does not seem to have a significant impact on the performance of Turkish banks measured in terms of ROA, ROE or MARGIN in the year of adoption(INTERNET1). However, in the following year (INTERNET2), they saw a significant decrease in the profitability. This could be attributed to the increase in IT expenditures following the adoption of the new technology. Only in the second year following the adoption of the technology, they examined a positive coefficient of the variable on the ROE estimation. This indicates that the process was gradual. The sign of the coefficient on the ROA for the same period was also positive but this variable was not significant.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
proceedings remains subject to the will of that government which controls the data or the site. Since 1965, at the federal level, the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) has been the vital basis for access claims, many of which have been litigated with varying results. Among the nine statutory exemptions to a citizenÃ¢â¬â¢s right of access under FOIA, those most likely to precipitate privacy tensions are Exemptions 6 and 7c. The first of these relates to information such as personnel and medical files, the disclosure of which would Ã¢â¬Å"constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.Ã¢â¬ Exemption 7c excludes records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes, Ã¢â¬Å"but only to the extent that the production of such [materials] Ã¢â¬ ¦ could reasonably be expected to constitute an unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.Ã¢â¬ In the major decision construing and applying Exemption 7c, United States Department of Justice v. Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, 489 U.S. 749 (1989), the Supreme Court noted the need, under the statute, to balance the interests of openness and accountability against the statutory recognition of individual privacy. The justices unanimously rejected claims of access to a suspectÃ¢â¬â¢s rap sheet, noting the vital distinction (in FOIA) between the statuteÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"purpose to ensure that the GovernmentÃ¢â¬â¢s activities be opened to the sharp eye of public scrutinyÃ¢â¬ and the contrasting claim that Ã¢â¬Å"information about private citizens that happens to be in theShow MoreRelatedFreedom Of Information Act1360 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesagency carry out provisions of legislation, while leaving the public uninformed. The New York Times and ProPublica identified 71 appointees through information given by the Freedom of Information Act. 28 of which have potential c onflicts through businesses and lobbying. The Freedom of Information Act gives any person access to records or information through federal agencies. The New York Times article states President Trump has appointed lawyers, employees of industry funded organizations, and otherRead MoreFreedom Of Information Act Essay1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprivacy within the last year was a nuanced legal decision that has the potential to impact a rarely discussed expectation of privacy for federal employees while impacting transparency for U.S. government agencies. Enacted on July 4, 1966, the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) provides any person with the right, enforceable in court, to obtain access to federal agency records, except to the extent that such records are protected from public disclosure by one of nine exemptions, or one of three special lawRead MoreThe Freedom Of Information Act Case Report1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe complaint.Ã All information given by youÃ and the employee will become theÃ FOIA FILE.The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is a law that allows any member of the public to request copies of federal government records, including EEOC records. 5 U.S.C. Ã § 552. EEOC makes many records publicly available on the EEOCs main website, such as informal discussion letters and guidance documents. If mediation fails you must and request the FOIA immediately. Because it has information that the employer submittedRead MoreThe Importance Of The Freedom Of Information Act And Similar Legislation3081 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pag esFOIA and Individual Privacy Kevin Spann PSC 521 The importance of the Freedom of Information Act and similar legislation is difficult to undersell. By signing the act into law in 1966, and revising the Administrative Procedure Act the United States led the way in asserting that a well informed electorate is a necessary component of a successful democracy. America reached this conclusion before similar representative democracies such as Canada who did not pass similar legislation untilRead More The Data Protection Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 20006383 Words Ã |Ã 26 PagesThe Data Protection Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 2000 Introduction ============ For my module computing I have to find research and produce detailed report on freedom of information and the need for security. The information commissionerÃ¢â¬â¢s office enforces and oversees the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Freedom of Information Act 2000. I need to read and understand knowledge respecting private lives of individuals and encourage the openness and accountability of public authoritiesRead MoreEssay Freedom of information indonesia1492 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLEGAL PROPOSITION ON THE PUBLIC FREEDOM OF INFORMATION OF INDONESIA By: Adistra Kusuma Waligalit, Faculty of Law of Gadjah Mada University This study identified several Legal defects regarding the Act on Public Freedom of Information of Indonesia. These legal defects will be explained along with the reccomendations of remedy as below. INTRODUCTION After experiencing a difficult time in New Order era (1966-1998), when the civil rights to freely obtain information had been abused by the governmentRead MoreProfessional Issues in Computing1126 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNational and Global legislation involved in computing and information systems development. Computers and their uses have become pervasive in todays society with new uses occurring on almost a daily basis. In general this use is beneficial; however, as with all technology, computers may be put to the wrong use. In order to safeguard computer users in the UK there are different types of legislation covering the many uses or misuses of Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Following is theRead More Internet and Personal Privacy Essay875 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesside of the argument prevail. The Freedom of Information Act which was established in 1966 states that all people shall have access to federal records. This allows the public to be kept abreast of the workings in the government. Any person may request a document, which the government must present, however, the government can not synthesize a document. It is even possible to order these records on the World Wide Web. The father of the Freedom of Information Act, John E. Moss, believed that citizensRead MoreThe Freedom Of Privacy Act1078 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesprivacy. IV. Thesis Statement: The Freedom of Privacy Act is design to counter and replace the unconstitutional Patriot Act, and return privacy back to our nation. V. Preview briefing: The increase of government intrusion has been on the rise since the Patriot Act was turned into law which have infringed on our constitutional rights, and that the Freedom of Privacy Act if on voted by congress will give us back those rights. We will also be taking any question about the act if there are any. Transition:Read MoreThe State Of Librariancy : Article Analysis1355 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe way we perceive news and information. Fake news is a danger to our democracy and if we, as library professionals, are going to fight it, we have to face it. That being my theory, this would make a good source for my research. Childs, L. (2017). To Uphold and Resist: Protecting Intellectual Freedom through Progressive Librarianship. Serials Librarian, 73(1), 58-67. Laura ChildsÃ¢â¬â¢ scholarly article on using progressive librarianship to protect intellectual freedom does not take a neutral position
When a student finally graduates from college there is this excitement that comes to you. You finally graduated and now can apply the things you have learned in the job or career you plan on. Unfortunately, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not that simple, many graduating student finds themselves in hug student loan debt. The numbers are staggering: more than $1.2 trillion in outstanding student loan debt, 40 million borrowers, an average balance of $29,000. Men and women laboring under student debt are postponing marriage, childbearing and home purchases, and... pretty evidently limiting the percentage of young people who start a business or try to do something entrepreneurial,. (Daniels) There are many factors that contribute to student loan debt some of which are, increase in tuition, out of state fees and private colleges. In fact, the cost of education always rises faster than inflation. The cost of operating a college is getting higher and at the same time, governments are contributing less money. State support for public colleges and universities has fallen by about 26 percent per full-time student in the last 20 years. (Luzer) For the 2011-12 academic year, average tuition and fees range from $2,963 per year at public two-year colleges and $6,604 at public bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s colleges, to $35,195 at private doctoral universities. In 2015-16 the cost of a four-year private school was $32,405, and $43,921 if you add on fee, room and board. (Tuition and Fee) The cost of tuition will inevitably raise dueShow MoreRelatedStudent Loan Debt On College Students887 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStudent Loan Debt on College Students Student loans are becoming more and more of a problem for college students all across the United States. As college tuition has significantly increased over the past years, it has become extremely common for most college students to finance their education through student loans. Tuition has become so expensive that it is almost unheard of for a student to pay for their tuition out of pocket or by working for their education part time. As the result ofRead MoreCSR Program Proposal for Columbia Bank1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesColumbia Bank with a focus on student loan debt in our community. This CSR program could be implemented in addition to the community and customer events currently arranged on the branch level. Columbia Bank, and the local communities we serve, would greatly benefit from offering a CSR program that focuses on educating high school students, college students, parents and any potential borrower on the long-term implications of excessive student loan debt. Student Loan Debt and Our Community The firstRead MoreEducation Is Crucial If One Were To Be Successful In Life.1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstruggling to pay their student loans. Students who try to further their education have had this issue for ongoing years. Not only does a student try to acquire as much knowledge as one can, but it is not a guarantee that once a student graduates from college, that he or she will have an occupation. This all factors into how it has become strenuous for students to pay their student loans when tuition fees are excessive instead of being affordable for each student. Therefore, student loans should be forgivenRead MoreStudent Loan Debt And Its Effect On Our Economy1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesyears student loans has increasingly began to affect our economy and is a large and growing issue. Mounting student loan debt is ricocheting through the United States, now affecting institutions and economic patterns that have been at the core of America s very might (Holland 2015). General economic principles are affected by the constantly growing student loan debt in the economy. Macroeconomic indices are identified and defined with their roles in student debt growth and affect in studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ livesRead MoreStudent Debt Crisis And Its Effects On The Economy1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstudent debt crisis has reached an all time high with debt reaching a total of 1.3 trillion dollars across the United States.With tuition cost increasing,lack of scholarships and unpaid back loans,student debt will continue to increase even higher.The enormous amount of debt put upon each student creates the inability of those students to help the economy grow.Our economy as we know it is a loop and decreasing the student debt significantly will help the economy grow.Instead of putting that moneyRead MoreIs College Education A Tax Policy Program? Essay1635 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaftermath are not that bright. Because almost all students canÃ¢â¬â¢t afford to attend college, the consumption of student loans comes back to haunt them in the end. Since the government is not doing anything to fix this problem to help relieve people of student loan debt, every employment companies should establish a tax policy program for their employees to reduce their debt. Every year, the consumption of student loans keeps on increasing. Students are put into helpless positions to afford a collegeRead MoreStudents Should Start Planning For College At The Beginning Of High School1443 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesresult of, the amount the government puts in (Student Loan Quotes, 2015). The average student leaves college with an average of $35,000 of debt. With this debt, students have to put off major life decisions such as starting a family or buying a house, for the reason that their debt has accumulated from their college years (Protective). ParentÃ¢â¬â¢s advocacy and smart money planning in earlier years, students could overcome the amount of college debt. Students should start planning for college at the beginningRead MoreStudent Loan Debt Is Not Worth Going Into1335 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdecade student loan debt has risen substantially and is now one of the largest form of personal debt in America, totaling about one trillion dollars, with 71 percent of students who earn a bachelors degree graduating with debt, with the average amount of debt being $29,400. This topic has become a very important issue, with some people saying that student loans could be the next bubble and could do what the real estate bubble did to the U.S economy in 2007 and 2009. If student loans are becomingRead MoreGraduation Speech : High School Seniors944 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmay be scarce, many people resort to the only choice they have left and take out student loans. Which in essence is what is crippling our economy. According to the Wall Street Journal an astonishing 34% of college graduates move back in with their parents. As the years have gone on, the cost of tuition has also gone up, and for the first time in history the debt accumulated from higher education has surpassed the debt from credit cards. Some schools across the country have raised the cost of tuitionRead MoreA lifetime of student debt889 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Lifetime of Student Debt? Not Likely. Robin Wilson had quite a compelling article, showing the potential contrast with the debt vs. the quality of life and stability a degree can provide. Wilson overall points show that the American dream we are all striving for has changed. She is able to demonstrate this through the use of several anecdotes. Wilson interviews with various professionals to see how they use these degrees to better themselves. In doing so she highlights various pros and cons
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Paulina Perez Ms. Tidwell ENG-1A-L51 11 May 2017 Eating Disorders People are often exposed to the media s ideal body image, whether it s through magazines, television, toys (e.g. Barbie dolls), or social media, it is almost impossible to avoid it. There are numerous of people who desire to look the way the world defines beauty. And although this may not seem like so much of a bad thing, this can lead to hardships for many people. This type of influence has caused countless individuals to endure an eating disorder in order to get the body they wish to have. Eating disorders are a worldwide problem that are very dangerous due to having many types of disorders and symptoms that occur, the effects that take place in a patient s mentalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The most common eating disorders among many patients are Anorexia Nervosa (AN), Bulimia Nervosa (BN), and Binge Eating Disorder (BED). Anorexia Nervosa is an emotional disorder that causes its victims to have an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat. It is known to be the third most common eating disorder among adolescents. Many who suffer from the disorder have a strong fear of gaining weight and they re very determined to prevent any weight gain. AN patients are also incapable of recognizing the severity of their condition. In the article entitled, A Factor Analysis of the Meanings of Anorexia Nervosa: Intrapsychic, Relational, and Avoidant Dimensions and Their Clinical Correlates, Enrica Marzola explains, AN sufferers often refuse treatments, show poor compliance with therapy leading to high dropout rates, relapse, and high mortality (Marzola 2). Marzola examines how many patients become very attached to their illness and do not wish to be recovered from it. In addition, Not only do many AN patients believe that the disorder has help them gain their ideal body image, but they ve also described their starvation as a way to escape from any negative emotions, strengthen their identity, and reveals their distress. Enrica Marzola also addresses, These instruments confirmed that AN sufferers experience aShow MoreRelatedHow Media Influence Has Increased Dramatically Over The Past Three Decades1069 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBeautiful Inside and Out Ã¢â¬Å"Healthy body image is not something that you re going to learn from fashion magazines,Ã¢â¬ (Shapiro) said Erin Heatherton, a Victoria SecretÃ¢â¬â¢s model since 2008. Media influence has increased considerably over the past three decades, whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s been through television, social media, or tabloids. The number of televisions has also increased in America since the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s and most American have access to a television. Consequently, the images and attitudes are portrayed to theRead MoreThe Effects Of Media On Body Image1453 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestoday that media and body image are closely related. Particularly, how the body image advertising portrays effects our own body image. It has been documented in adolescents as they are more at risk for developing unhealthy attitudes toward their bodies. They are at a time where they re focused on developing their individual identities, making them susceptible to social pressure and media images. A major reason many people have a negative body image is because of the impact that media has had onRead MoreThe Media And Body Image1453 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesknow that the media and body image are closely related. Particularly, how the body image advertising portrays affects our own body image. Research documented adolescents as they are more at risk for developing unhealthy attitudes toward their bodies. They are at a time where they re focused on developing their individual identities, making them susceptible to social pressure and media images. A major reason many people have a negative body image is because of the impact that the media has had on ourRead MoreInfluence of American Mass Media Ideals on Body Image and Eating Disorders in the U.S1243 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMass media have an enormous impact on society and how people act, especially in developed countries. How do mass media influence views of body image and the development of eating disorders? People living in countries influenced by Western culture show concern for their appearance or dietary habits daily. This paper will analyze the effect of mass media on the issues of body image and eating disorders in the United States. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TRRead MoreAnalysis Of Disney s The Outer Shell Of Innocence 1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmirror the perfect body images surrounding us in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s media. Body image dominates media everywhere you look, every time you turn your head we are pestered with beautiful women and perfect figures. The overwhelming urge for women to have a body just like the perfect models and idols we see plastered in media has spilled over into our children. Despite the outer shell of innocence, the psychological and sociological effects of Disney figures misrepresent the ideal body image as distorted to perfectionRead MoreMedia s Effect On Teenage Girls1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGrowing up surrounded by media brings pressure to teenage girls to have what society defines as the ideal body. As a teenager one wants to fit in with the most popular group. Recent movies like Ã¢â¬Å"Mean girlsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"16 wishesÃ¢â¬ have s hown the role of the popular girl to be thin, beautiful, and smart. As a media consumer, females assume that if they achieve this look they will become popular as well. Many teenagers go through stressing situations in order to accomplish the ideal body image. For instance, manyRead MoreEffects Of Social Media Essay1322 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestypes of effects social media has on society, especially adolescent girls as that age group is mainly targeted. The role of media has changed drastically from when it first started to now. It was first created for the main purpose of communicating information. Although that is still true to this day, there are also other purposes for the media now. Media presents information through books, posters, the web and etc. One of the most popular forms of media today is social media. That includes FacebookRead MoreSocial Media Has a Negative Effect on Body Image and Self Esteem1202 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSocial media has become one of the most popular sources of communication for the upcoming generation. For young people growing up in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, social media outlets such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter have provided pictures and news that have become the first thing that their eyes see in the morning and the last thing that they see before bed. These pictures have provided unrealistic standards as to what is considered beautiful in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. As young people refer to these images as aRead MoreLiterature Review : Body Image1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLiterature Review: Body Image Ã¢â¬Å"Act 2: Extending Theory on Social Media and Body ConcernsÃ¢â¬ shows the pattern and connection between social media and body image. People that are already affected by vulnerable factors, such as low self-esteem, depression, perfectionism and the thought that appearance is essential to self-worth, seek the gratifications that come from using social media. For example, if someone is feeling unattractive, but a picture they posted online is getting liked and commented onRead MoreWhy Do Teens Suffer From Eating Disorders1596 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOctober 20, 2015 Why Do Teens Suffer from Eating Disorders: Annotated Bib It is no new discovery that teenagers in America tend to have a conflict with eating disorders. This problematic issue tend to affect many young teens just as the people that surround them, those who care for them. People might stop to think why teens struggle so much with eating disorders or how can this issue be wiped out. The thing is people need to be well aware of eating disorders and there definition and try to find a
The organic vegetable industry is expanding, with more demand for natural fruits and vegetables and increasing awareness of potential issues with conventionally grown vegetables. Organic vegetables are grown without the use of pesticides or chemicals. The industry has seen an upswing in demand in recent years and reaching a more mainstream market, although the supply of organic vegetables have not expanded into supermarkets and are mostly still sold through particular outlets, which makes availability limited. This research proposal aims to investigate the obstacles and challenges that the organic vegetable industry is currently facing, in terms of being sold in outlets such as larger supermarkets, namely Woolworths. The purpose of this report is to examine the underlying causes of the issues and provide information on the potential factors that will influence the decisions. 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Question: Discuss about the History of Treatment of Indigenous Australians. Answer: Introduction: This report presents a reflective evaluation on the treatment of Indigenous Australians and how this should impact the ethical practice of engineering. Indigenous Australians comprise of two groups: Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal. These groups existed in Australia and neighboring islands before European colonization. They largely depended on land and water. When the Europeans colonized Australia, they did not create any formal treaties to recognize the rights of Indigenous Australians. These people have been treated differently over the last century. In early 1900s, it was largely believed that Indigenous Australians were going to die out. In 1991, their population was about 351,000 people, and it increased to about 669,000 people in 2011. Currently, it is estimated that Indigenous Australians account for approximately 3% of Australias total population (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2009; Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013). In 1901, Indigenous Australians were denied the 1901 Commonwealth Constitution rights. They were excluded from the census and lawmaking powers. A year later, their rights to vote in Commonwealth elections were disenfranchised. After some time, they were excluded from receiving pensions, joining the armed forces, receiving maternity allowance, and working in the Post Office. Aborigines Protection Board and the Chief Prosecutor were also given the powers to apprentice and remove Indigenous children from settlements and even separate them from their parents forcefully (New South Wales Government, 2010). In 1940, the Aborigines Protection Board was replaced with Aborigines Welfare Board, which was forced to raise the status of Indigenous Australians, grant them their rights and give them equal opportunities just like ordinary citizens. However, this did not happen and the segregation and oppression of the Indigenous Australians continued. In 1944, the right of Indigenous Australians to r eceive sickness and maternity allowances was restored and five years later, their right to participate in federal elections was restored. During these early years of 1900s, most Indigenous Australians did not have hope in life. Majority of those who were sent to jail committed suicide because they knew that justice could not be served. Some of them died due to poor health because they could not access good healthcare services. During those days, Indigenous Australians were mainly classified and treated as fauna (Walker, 2013). From 1950 onwards, several policies were legislated to give Indigenous Australians same rights as other white Australians. For instance, these people got the right to buy, sell and drink alcohol, their allowances and social benefits were restored, their right to vote in Commonwealth elections was reinstated, several discriminatory practices against them were removed, those working in government settlements started getting equal pay, they were allowed to express their Aboriginality, Indigenous students were allowed to join any school, and they got the right to own land. In 1967, a referendum for equal rights was held and 90% of those who voted supported it (Personally-selected-aboriginal-art.com, 2010). However, Indigenous Australians still did not get the vote from this referendum. In early 2000s, Indigenous Australians got the right to be included in the census and vote (Australian Museum, 2017). Over the past few decades, there have been several policies established and measures taken to give Indigenous Australians equal rights and freedom, and help them re-establish themselves. Australian people have been asked to provide necessary resources and assist Indigenous Australians decide their future (Dick, 2016). The Australian government spends about $3.5 billion every year to fix the perceived failure of Indigenous Australians (Convict Reactions, (n.d.)). However, many Indigenous Australians are still living and dying in custody, afflicted with domestic violence, drug abuse, alcohol and suicide. Their children mostly learn within the community. So the process of healing against the racism, discrimination and oppression that Indigenous Australians underwent is still ongoing although it is a complex process. But most Indigenous Australians are still affected with illiteracy, imprisonment, alcoholism, crime victimization, family breakdown, health disadvantage, domestic violence, unemployment, and sub-standard housing. These people are campaigning for their self-determination and protection of their culture and heritage, but lack of sufficient educational opportunity has been a major challenge to amplifying these efforts. Nevertheless, there are now many programs in place aimed at helping Indigenous Australians and cases of racism against them have largely reduced. It is also worth noting that most Indigenous Australians are still victims of the past and therefore they should not be forced to forget the past and live like other Australians (Malkin, 2009). The government should also ensure that the measures they take to reconcile and improve the lives of Indigenous Australians are not discriminatory in nature. Otherwise it is just a matter of time for the Indigenous Australians to live an equal life just like any other Australian. There are several ways in which the history of Indigenous Australians should impact the ethical practice of engineering. First and foremost, engineers should always demonstrate integrity by being honest and respecting other peoples dignity. They should act objectively and without any bias on the basis of race, origin, social class, educational level or gender. Second, engineers should always educate the general public about the impacts of the projects planned for implementation and involve the local community in every stage of these projects. Third, engineers should consider other peoples opinions when developing social problems and make them understand why they are making certain decisions. Fourth, engineers should help people to understand that as time goes by, it is important to forego traditional beliefs and practices so as to allow development and implementation of modern engineering solutions to current societal problems. Fifth, engineers should always exercise leadership by br inging conflicting groups together and helping them understand each other. Last but not least, engineers should always be committed to serve the society and improve the welfare of people. In general, the history of Indigenous Australians can impact the ethical engineering practice by helping engineers to educate governments and the general public about their rights and responsibilities, how to make moral decisions and live a good life, live and work together, and how to find solutions in difficult times. As an engineer, the history of Indigenous Australians and its impacts on ethical practice of engineering would influence communication with Aboriginal communities and representatives in different ways. First, I would give them a listening ear so as to hear their views, what they support and oppose, and what they want to happen from an engineering perspective. It is worth noting that these people have limited exposure to modern engineering developments and they are also conservative. Second, I would help them understand the evolution of engineering and its impacts on the society. This would help them understand and appreciate the potentials of engineering. Third, I would help them understand how engineering can improve their lives by giving them real life examples on what has happened in other parts of Australia and the world. Fourth, I would ensure that I involve them fully in each decision made on projects scheduled for implementation within their community. Last but not least, I wo uld ensure that I use a language that is easy to understand even by people who do not have any knowledge in engineering. I would do this by using my professional skills in language and communication. References Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2009). Experimental Estimates and Projections, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 1991 to 2021. Retrieved May 8, 2017 from https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.ns /0/946D4BC28DB92E1BCA25762A001CBF38?opendocument. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2013). Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, June 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2017, from https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3238.0.55.001. Australian Government. (2015). Australian Indigenous cultural heritage. Retrieved May 9, 2017, from https://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-indigenous-cultural-heritage. Australian Museum. (2017). Indigenous Australia Timeline 1970 to present. Retrieved May 9, 2017, from https://australianmuseum.net.au/indigenous-australia-timeline-1970-to-present. Convict Reactions. (n.d.). Treatment of Aborigines in Australia. Retrieved May 9, 2017, from https://www.convictcreations.com/citizenship/indigenoustreatment.html. Dick, T. (2016). The treatment of Aboriginal people is our great collective continuing shame. Retrieved May 9, 2017, from https://www.smh.com.au/comment/the-treatment-of-aboriginal-people-is-our-great-collective-continuing-shame-20161028-gsd8iq.html. Malkin, B. (2009). UN criticizes Australias treatment of Aborigines as racist. Retrieved May 9, 2017, from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/australiaandthepacific/australia/6099785/UN-criticises-Australias-treatment-of-Aborigines-as-racist.html. New South Wales Government. (2010). Indigenous Australian Timeline. Retrieved May 9, 2017, from https://www.teachingheritage.nsw.edu.au/section03/timeindig.php. Personally-selected-aboriginal-art.com. (2010). A Short Aboriginal History. Retrieved May 8, 2017, from https://www.personally-selected-aboriginal-art.com/aboriginal-history.html. Walker, D. (2013). Were Indigenous (Aboriginal) Australians regulated by the Flora Fauna Act? Retrieved May 9, 2017, from https://clubtroppo.com.au/2013/06/03/were-indigenous-people-regulated-by-the-flora-fauna-act/.